Research in Plant Biology 2023-03-15T11:31:26+0530 Managing Editor Open Journal Systems Morpho-agronomic variability, traits association and path analysis in Rosemary (Salvia rosmarinus Schleid.) genotypes from Ethiopia 2022-12-02T13:41:55+0530 Zewdinesh Damtew Zigene Bizuayehu Tesfaye Asfaw Tesfaye Disasa Bitima <p>Forty-five rosemary genotypes collected from different parts of Ethiopia were evaluated for quantitative morphological traits to estimate the genetic variability, heritability and association of characters. The genotypes displayed significant differences for all of the studied traits, showing the presence of wide variability among the tested genotypes. The genotypic and phenotypic coefficients of variation were found to be medium and high for all growth and yield traits except for leaf length. Moderately high to high broad-sense heritability (0.66 -0.97) coupled with moderate to high genetic advance as a percent of the mean (10.37 -79.14) values were found for all traits. Correlation coefficient and path coefficient analysis revealed that characters vis. branch number plant<sup>-1</sup>, fresh leaf weight plant<sup>-1</sup>, dry leaf weight plant<sup>-1</sup>, fresh leaf yield ha<sup>-1</sup>, and essential oil content had a high positive direct effect and significant positive association with essential oil yield ha<sup>-1</sup>. Thus direct selection for these traits would be quite effective for essential oil yield enhancement in rosemary. In general, the studied accessions were diverse in nature and could be exploited in the conservation, breeding and commercialization of the crop.</p> 2023-02-17T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2023 Zewdinesh Damtew Zigene, Bizuayehu Tesfaye Asfaw, Tesfaye Disasa Bitima Foliar epidermal studies in the family Sapindaceae Juss. in South Western Nigeria 2023-01-12T01:00:40+0530 Taoheed Kolawole Muftaudeen Mustapha Modu Bulama Emmanuel Abiodun Ayodele Akinwumi Johnson Akinloye <p>A comparative study of leaf epidermal features of selected species of the family Sapindaceae in Nigeria was undertaken with a view to obtain additional characters for the elucidation of taxonomic relationships, delimiting species and identification of the taxa. The epidermises were separated from the mesophyll by soaking in concentrated Nitric acid. Bubble appearance on the surfaces of the leaves indicated their readiness for separation. They were then rinsed in water thrice before the layers were separated with the aid of forceps and Camel hair brush, stained with Safranin O. It was then mounted in 25% glycerol on clean glass slides, covered with cover slips. The micro morphological characters of leaf were more or less uniform in all taxa in the family. The adaxial cuticle was striated in most species. The polygonal epidermal cells with straight anticlinal walls on the adaxial surface of <em>Cardiosermum halicacabum </em>separated it from the other species with irregular shaped epidermal cells. Undulated anticlinal walls were observed on both surfaces. The leaves were hypostomatic in most species except in <em>C. halicacabum </em>where amphistomaty was observed. Stomata types included anomocytic, tetracytic and staurocytic but the anomocytic stomata were the most predominant.</p> 2023-03-08T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2023 Taoheed Kolawole Muftaudeen, Mustapha Modu Bulama, Emmanuel Abiodun Ayodele, Akinwumi Johnson Akinloye Application of Chemometrics and HPLC Fingerprint for Species Differentiation and Authentication of the Genus Pterocarpus 2023-03-15T11:31:26+0530 Taoheed Kolawole Muftaudeen Adamu Aliyu Jemilat A. Ibrahim <p><em>Pterocarpus </em>species are well known for their nutritional and medicinal values, in order to examine the similarities or differences in the chemical profile of some common <em>Pterocarpus </em>species, four species of the genus namely; <em>Pterocarpus erinaceus, P. mildbraedii, P. osun </em>and <em>P. santalinoides </em>were analyzed using HPLC combined with Principal component analysis (PCA) and Hierarchical clustering analysis (HCA). This study aims to investigate the chemical fingerprints of the species and compare them in order to highlight the similarities in their chemical constituents. The ethanol extract of each sample was taken and filtered through a 0.45 μm millipore membrane filter and then transferred into the HPLC vial before injecting it into the HPLC machine. PCA and HCA were performed on the relative retention times and percentage peak composition. The species were chemically similar with nine (9) peaks in common, the most prominent peaks in all samples appeared at 3.26 min which corresponds to gallic acid (a known compound). Cluster analysis revealed some similar chemical variables with Gallic acid being the major compound in the <em>Pterocarpus </em>species and could be used as a marker compound for taxonomic purposes.</p> 2023-05-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2023 Taoheed Kolawole Muftaudeen, Adamu Aliyu, Jemilat A. Ibrahim